Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G лишняя.
Lindsay Wildlife Museum
Lindsay Wildlife Museum is a unique natural history and environmental education centre where visitors can listen to the cry of a red-tailed hawk, go eye-to-eye with a grey fox and watch a bald eagle eat lunch. More than fifty species of native California animals are on exhibit here.
Thousands of school children learn about the natural environment in their classrooms (1) _________ of the museum. Nature- and science-oriented classes and trips are offered for adults and children. More than 600 volunteers help to feed and care for wild animals, (2) _______.·Volunteers are active in the museum’s work, contributing (3) ________.
The museum was founded by a local businessman, Alexander Lindsay. Sandy, as friends knew him, started teaching neighborhood children about nature in the early 1950s. Initially housed in an elementary school, the museum began offering school-aged children summer classes, (4) ______________.
After nearly a decade of the museum operation, it became apparent (5) _____________ . With a new 5,000 square-foot home, the museum could now develop and display a permanent collection of live, native wildlife and natural history objects.
People came to the museum for help with wild animals (6) __________ urban growth. In response, a formal wildlife rehabilitation programme- the first of its kind in the United States of America — began in 1970.
A. that a permanent, year-round site was necessary
B. as well as field trips focused on the natural world
C. many hours of service to wildlife care and fundraising
D. that had been injured or orphaned because of intense
E. that needed public attention and a new building
F. as well as teach children and adults about nature
G. through education programmes and on-site tours
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 7-13.
Shape it up: tips you can follow for a healthier campus diet
Rushing up and down the streets, I often have days when I wonder how I will find the time to eat. This is when it becomes easy for students to turn to fast food. Once you stop living close by or have awkward time gaps between classes, fast food is available at almost every on-campus eatery.
There’s no doubt that the university tries to make healthier food readily available. Some cafes have organic foods ready to go and Greenhouse allows students to make almost any kind of fresh salad they can think of. But I have to wonder, why is there so much fast food available? For many students, it’s difficult to choose an expensive salad from Greenhouse over a meal from Taco Bell.
To solve the problem of finding healthy food on campus without having to eat salad daily, I do three things: take advantage of meal options I previously disregarded, completely ignore any fast food place and get creative in the dining halls.
First, I take advantage of meal options I had previously disregarded at on campus restaurants. Being both a vegetarian and interested in a fair-trade diet has made it somewhat challenging to arrange an eating plan while living on campus. With limited options, food gets old fast. I looked closely at menus to see what options I overlooked. On campus, I eat oatmeal and fresh fruit instead of getting smoothies. I try the soup at Greenhouse instead of salad. If I have time in the morning I use an extra swipe and pack a lunch. By including this, I now have something new to eat each day, and I can go an entire school week without repeating a lunch.
As I create a pattern of eateries to maintain a healthy diet without losing interest in the food, it is clear I cannot include every on-campus restaurant in my plan.
This is where my second solution comes in. I have learned to completely ignore fast food. If I linger in front of Panda Express or Sbarro too long, temptation takes over. I started ignoring these places in the middle of fall quarter, and now I can walk by them without a thought. The only way I know to accomplish this is willpower. Of course, that does not mean in any way that you should never allow yourself the occasional visit to these restaurants. Everyone deserves a treat sometimes. I know I can never give up animal-style fries completely.
Finally, I have learned to get creative in dining halls. This can’t easily be done outside a dining hall, so it isn’t exactly an «on-the-go» solution to eating on campus. Just the same, it can help make meals less boring. I often take a veggie patty and make a wrap out of it, and I use the salad bar to throw on any other toppings I want. I use the microwave to heat up whatever I want in it. If you are a meat lover, you can put the bacon bits from the salad bar or slice a grilled chicken breast to put in soup or pasta.
When living on a college campus, it can be difficult to find a way to eat what you like and what’s good for you while trying to avoid a repetitive diet. There are a limited number of options available and the dominance of fast food can be hard to ignore. But if you try out as many places as you can, use willpower and turn on your creativity, you can certainly design your own healthy meal plan that won’t feel as if you eat the same thing every day.
7. According to the author students turn to fast food when …
1) their schedule is well adjusted.
2) they are short of time.
3) they live close to the campus.
4) they have no willpower.
8.What does the author think about eating opportunities on campus?
1) She believes they need to provide more organic food.
2) She thinks they do a great job providing salads at a reasonable price.
3) She can’t understand why they offer so many fast food choices.
4) She thinks that meals from Taco Bell are too expensive.
9. What is the author’s method of maintaining a healthy diet?
1) Carefully choosing an on-campus restaurant.
2) Changing a restaurant daily.
3) Eating less.
4) Trying new dishes on the menu.
10. What is NOT characteristic of the author’s eating habits?
1) She avoids eating meat.
2) She misses lunches.
3) She studies the menus attentively.
4) She tries to vary the food she eats.
11. What is, according to the author, the best way to stop eating fast food?
1) Visit fast food restaurants not more than once a year.
2) To replace it with the animal-style fries.
3) Not to walk near fast food restaurants.
4) To stick to the decision not to eat it.
12. What does «it» in paragraph 7 refer to («Just the same, it can help … «)?
1) Finding a perfect solution to eating on campus.
2) Cooking your own meals.
3) Creativity in a dining hall.
4) Eating outside of dining halls.
13. What is the purpose of the article?
1) To give advice on eating healthy food on campus.
2) To convince the reader that eating the same food every day is unhealthy.
3) To classify on-campus eateries.
4) To prove that daily consumption of fast food is harmful.
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 14-20 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов.
Not all new things are created by wise old scientists. Frank Epperson invented the popsicle, fruit ice cream without milk, in 1905 when he was only 11 years old. Frank (14)_______________ his drink outside on the porch overnight with the stir stick in it.
That night the temperature dropped and froze things, (15)__________ Frank’s drink. That didn’t stop him from tasting it.
18 years (16)_________________ Frank started his business.
Just over 1 billion popsicles (17)____________ in the US each year. Out of the 30 flavors to choose from, orange has been the favorite for many years.
We are a family of four: my mom, my dad, my brother and I. One morning my dad started (18) ______________ breakfast.
Ben, my (19)___________ brother, asked him: «Why are you making Mommy breakfast? Is she sick?»
«No, dear,» replied father, «it’s Mother’s Day.» Immediately the boy had another question. «Oh,» he said, «then (20)______ every other day Father’s Day?»
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 21-26, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Nowadays most of us go to our computers to connect with friends instead of using our phones. Cyberspace relationships have become the norm for many people, even the most (21)_________________ ones.
The convenience and (22)______________of the Web is amazing. If we want to see a movie, find a place to eat or get in touch with a friend, we go to the Web before we call on the phone.
Critics, however, say that cyberspace communication loses some important factors of the social atmosphere. Most Web (23)______________ don’t understand that when we talk to someone, we get many messages from them just by their tone of voice and body language.
A tender (24)____________and eye contact cannot possibly be experienced over the Internet.
As with anything we do, without regular practice the act can become unfamiliar and (25)_______________ .
There is a possibility that much can be (26)____________lost when we communicate via the Internet.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 27-33. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 27-33, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов.
Diana had been hoping to get away by 5:00, so she could be at the farm in time for dinner. She tried not to show her true feelings when at 4:37 her deputy, Phil Haskings, presented her with a complex twelve-page document that (27)______ the signature of a director before it could be sent out to the client. Haskins didn’t hesitate to (28)_______ her that they had lost two similar contracts that week.
To (29) ___________the truth, it was always the same on a Friday. The phones would go quiet in the middle of the afternoon and then, just as she thought she could leave, a new document would land on her desk. Diana looked at the document and knew there would be no chance of escaping before 6:00.
Diana adored her children. At first (30) ________ she looked happy. The demands of being a single parent as well as a director of a small but thriving City company meant there were (31)_______ moments left in any day to relax. When it came to the one weekend in four that James and Caroline spent with her ex-husband, Diana would try to leave the office a little earlier than usual to avoid the weekend traffic.
She read through the first page slowly, aware that any mistake (32) _____________ hastily on a Friday evening could be (33) _____________ in the weeks to come. She glanced at the clock on her desk as the signed the final page of the document. It was just showing 5:51.
27 1) obliged 2) demanded 3) required 4) compelled
28 1) recall 2) remember 3) recollect 4) remind
29 1) tell 2) speak 3) talk 4) say
30 1) glimpse 2) look 3) sight 4) view
31 1) few 2) little 3) much 4) many
32 1) took 2) made 3) held 4) done
33 1) disappointed 2) dissatisfied 3) apologized 4) regretted
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jane who writes:
… Last weekend was my mom’s anniversary and we had a family gathering.
We entertained more than 25 people and lived on leftovers for 2 days after the
event. What do you usually cook for special occasions? How often do you
entertain people in your family? Do you normally celebrate your family
holidays at home, or go to a cafe or to a club? Why?
Oh, before l forget, my middle brother won our school tennis tournament …
Write a letter to Jane.
In your letter
answer her questions
ask 3 questions about her middle brother